The international Conference “10 years of liver transplantation in the Republic of Belarus: Ethical challenges and perspectives” was organised by the Bioethics Unit of the Council of Europe and the Republican Scientific-Practical Centre of Organ and Tissue transplantation of the Ministry of health of the Republic of Belarus in the framework of the Action Plan of the Council of Europe for Belarus and with the support of the Council of Europe Information Point in Minsk on April 6, 2018. About 250 delegates from Belarus фnd other countries attended the Conference.
Technical organizer of this event was the company “Go Bel Tur”.
The programme of the Conference contained presentations on international standards in the field of organ donation and organ transplantation, including the Oviedo Convention, case-law of the European Court of Human Rights, relevant principles of the World Health Organisation, ethical challenges, fight against trafficking in human organs and exchange of relevant good practices in transplantation systems in Belarus and in other countries.
In Belarus: 491 organ transplantations for 483 patients (51, 7 transplantations per 1 million of population, including liver – 79, kidney – 362, heart -39, pancreas – 6, lungs – 5) were performed in the territory of the Republic of Belarus in 2017.
More than 50% of organ and tissue transplantations were performed by the surgeons of the Republican Scientific-Practical Centre of transplantation of the 9th Clinical Hospital in Minsk.
Transplantations of kidney were also held in Brest, Gomel, Grodno, Vitebsk and, in the beginning of 2018 – in Mogilev. Paediatric transplantation of liver and kidney is continuing to develop.
The success of transplantation is directly linked to the development of donorship. In 2017 organs and tissues were removed from 224 effective deceased donors (23,6 removals per 1 million of population).
Transplantation service of the Republic of Belarus is developing international cooperation with other national registries of transplantation and international organisations, including the Council of Europe (the Committee on bioethics (DH-BIO) and the European committee on organ transplantation (CD-P-TO).